How to Conduct Vehicle Maintenance

Published on April 18, 2023
A mechanic under a vehicle fixing it Image Source

Having a vehicle comes with a lot of responsibilities, one of which is regular maintenance to keep the car in good condition. Proper maintenance of your vehicle not only ensures that it runs smoothly, but also helps to prevent costly repairs down the road. In this article, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to conduct vehicle maintenance and keep a record for each maintenance.

Vehicle maintenance is the process of inspecting, cleaning, and repairing or replacing parts on a vehicle to ensure it is running smoothly and safely. Regular maintenance can extend the life of your vehicle and prevent unexpected breakdowns or accidents.

Importance of Vehicle Maintenance

Regular maintenance of your vehicle is important for several reasons:

  1. Safety: Regular maintenance ensures that your vehicle is in good working condition, which reduces the risk of accidents.
  2. Cost Savings: Preventative maintenance can save you money in the long run by identifying issues before they become major problems and require expensive repairs.
  3. Resale Value: A well-maintained vehicle will have a higher resale value than one that has been neglected.
  4. Fuel Efficiency: Regular maintenance can help improve fuel efficiency, which can save you money at the gas pump.
  5. Warranty Compliance: Keeping up with scheduled maintenance is required to keep your warranty valid.

Maintenance Schedule

It is important to follow a maintenance schedule to ensure your vehicle is properly maintained. Your vehicle’s owner’s manual will provide a recommended maintenance schedule based on the mileage and age of your vehicle. This schedule should be followed to ensure your vehicle is maintained properly.

Maintenance Checklist

To ensure that you are conducting thorough vehicle maintenance, it is helpful to have a checklist. This will help ensure that you are not forgetting any important maintenance tasks. Your checklist should include the following:

  1. Tires
  2. Brakes
  3. Engine
  4. Fluids
  5. Battery
  6. Electrical System
  7. Suspension and Steering

Record Keeping

Keeping track of your vehicle’s maintenance is important. This will help you stay on schedule with your maintenance tasks and also provide a record of maintenance for future reference. You can keep a maintenance logbook or use an app like OnSpace to track your vehicle’s maintenance. Your record should include the following information:

  1. Date of service: The date when the maintenance service was performed.
  2. Car make: The manufacturer of the car.
  3. Car model: The specific model of the car.
  4. License plate number: The unique identifier for the vehicle.
  5. Mileage: The vehicle's total mileage at the time of service.
  6. Type of service performed: A list of maintenance tasks performed during the service.
  7. Parts replaced or repaired: A description of any parts that were replaced or repaired.
  8. Issues or problems discovered: Any issues or problems found during the maintenance service.
  9. Cost of the service: The total cost of the maintenance service.
  10. Vehicle pictures: Images of the vehicle, if applicable.
  11. Service location: The geographical location where the maintenance service was performed.

Tools for Maintenance

Having the right tools for maintenance is important. Some essential tools for vehicle maintenance include:

  1. Socket and Wrench Set
  2. Jack and Jack Stands
  3. Oil Filter Wrench
  4. Funnel
  5. Screwdrivers
  6. Pliers
  7. Tire Pressure Gauge

Maintenance Procedures

Following proper maintenance procedures is important to ensure that your vehicle is properly maintained. The following sections will provide an overview of the maintenance procedures for each major component of your vehicle.


Your vehicle’s tires are important for safety and proper handling. To maintain your vehicle’s tires, follow these procedures:

  1. Check tire pressure regularly.
  2. Inspect tires for wear and damage.
  3. Rotate tires every 6,000 to 8,000 miles.
  4. Balance tires when they are rotated or if you experience vibration.


Your vehicle’s brakes are important for safety and should be checked regularly. To maintain your brakes, follow these procedures:

  1. Inspect brake pads and rotors for wear.
  2. Check brake fluid level and top off if necessary.
  3. Bleed brakes to remove air from the brake lines.
  4. Replace brake pads and rotors when necessary.


Your vehicle’s engine is the heart of the car and needs regular maintenance to ensure it runs smoothly. To maintain your engine, follow these procedures:

  1. Change oil and oil filter regularly.
  2. Check and replace air filter as needed.
  3. Check and replace spark plugs as needed.
  4. Check timing belt and replace if necessary.
  5. Inspect and replace other belts and hoses as needed.


Your vehicle has several fluids that need to be checked and topped off regularly. To maintain your vehicle’s fluids, follow these procedures:

  1. Check engine oil regularly and top off if necessary.
  2. Check and top off brake fluid, power steering fluid, and transmission fluid.
  3. Replace fluids as recommended in your owner’s manual.


Your vehicle’s battery is important for starting your car and operating electrical systems. To maintain your battery, follow these procedures:

  1. Check battery terminals for corrosion and clean if necessary.
  2. Check battery voltage and replace if necessary.
  3. Check battery cables for wear and replace if necessary.

Electrical System

Your vehicle’s electrical system powers everything from the lights to the radio. To maintain your electrical system, follow these procedures:

  1. Check and replace fuses as needed.
  2. Check and replace bulbs as needed.
  3. Check and replace battery as needed.

Suspension and Steering

Your vehicle’s suspension and steering are important for handling and safety. To maintain your suspension and steering, follow these procedures:

  1. Inspect suspension and steering components for wear.
  2. Replace worn components as necessary.
  3. Align wheels as needed.


Regular vehicle maintenance is important for safety, cost savings, and longevity of your vehicle. By following the recommended maintenance schedule, using a maintenance checklist, and keeping a maintenance record, you can ensure that your vehicle is properly maintained. Following proper maintenance procedures for each component of your vehicle will help prevent costly repairs down the road.

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